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13
The best way to avoid getting yourself into this situation
is to avoid smoking. It is understandable that this will
be diffcult to do if you’re a chain smoker. Cutting back
on cigarette consumption may help to gradually get you
into the path to being smoke free. All it takes in enough
will power and discipline to keep yourself healthy and
cancer-free.
Smoking and
cancer
Statistics show that smoking
attributes to 54% of mouth
cancers, 50% of esophageal
cancers, and 70% of cancer
of the larynx
.
And also,
in relation to men and
women
'
s sexual health,
smoking increases risks of
cervical cancer by 19 to 80%
depending on the frequency
of consumption, and it also
increases risks of penile cancer
by 50%
.
Tese numbers certainly
prove that smokers are at a
bigger likelihood to develop
a lot of diferent kinds of
cancers as compared to non
-
smokers
.
Male smokers have
a 20% increased chances of
developing lung cancer while
women have a 13% increased
risk
.
Tobacco smoke is composed
of four thousand diferent
harmful substances, chemicals,
and toxins
.
Sixty out of those
four thousand chemicals
are known to cause cancer
.
Tese cancer causing toxins
are mainly found in tar
that smokers inhale from
a cigarette
.
About 70%
of that tar stays inside the
lungs
.
Studies have shown
that benzpyrene, one of
the carcinogens found in
tar, damages and slowly
destroys genes responsible for
fghting cancer causing cells
and subsequently prevent
development of cancerous
tumors
.
In almost 60% of
smoking
-
induced cancers,
these genes were seen to be
damaged
.
throat
.
• A persistent cough
.
• Blood
-
fecked phlegm
.
• Te sensation of something
permanently stuck in the
throat
.
• Voice changes, such as
persistent hoarseness or
huskiness
.
• Troat pain
.
• Referred pain into the ears
.
• Swallowing difculties
.
• Breathing difculties
.
• Swollen lymph glands
.
• Gastrointestinal disorders,
such as excessive refux,
diarrhea or constipation
.
Treatment
Treatment of oropharyngeal
cancer will depend on the size,
type, and location of the cancer
and whether it has already
spread
.
It may include one or a
combination of the following
:
• Surgery
.
Tis includes
surgical removal of the
tumor and its afected
organs
.
Te amount of
tissue to be removed may
depend on the size of the
tumor and the mass it has
already afected
.
• Radiation therapy
.
Tis
includes exposing the
cancer causing cells to
small, precise doses of
radiation
.
• Chemotherapy
.
It involves
the use of cancer cell
-
killing
medications that is used in
conjunction to radiation
therapy
.
• Long term monitoring
.
Tis may include regular
examinations and x
-
rays to
check that the cancer has
not come back
.
• Rehabilitation therapy
.
Tis includes assistance
from health professionals
such as dietitians,
speech therapists, and
physiotherapists to regain
motor functions of the
afected areas
.
Oral or throat
cancer
Oropharyngeal cancer
may involve the
lips, mouth, tongue,
gums, salivary glands,
esophagus, larynx,
thyroid glands, and/
or the cells lining the
throat. Its earliest
symptom may be a pale
lump inside the mouth
that will not seem to
heal. An estimated
7,000 Americans
die of oropharyngeal
cancer yearly. Smoking
may cause cancer
development in the
mouth alone, on the
throat alone, or a
combination of both.
Symptoms of
oropharyngeal
cancer may include
the following:
• A sore in your mouth that
doesn’t heal or increases in size
.
• Persistent pain in your
mouth
.
• Lumps or white, red or dark
patches inside your mouth
.
• Tickening of your cheek
.
• Difculty chewing or
swallowing or moving your
tongue
.
• Difculty moving your jaw, or
swelling or pain in your jaw
.
• Soreness in your throat or
feeling that something is
caught in your throat
.
• Pain around your teeth, or
loosening of your teeth
.
• Numbness of your tongue or
elsewhere in your mouth
.
• Bad breath
.
• A swelling or lump in the
Tis
article
is about the relationship
between smoking and cancers of
the mouth and throat
.
Although
it is more common that lung
cancer develops from smoking, other
forms of cancer may also be acquired
from smoking and being exposed to
second hand smoke
.
People may
also get cancer of the mouth,
esophageal cancer, cancer of the
larynx, cervical cancer, and
penile cancer
.
H