How Genetics Can Affect Your Smile

A lot of our physical traits and features are influenced by our genetic composition. Research has discovered that genetics tend to affect the chances of having crooked teeth along with gum disease and tooth decay. But the biggest influence on our oral health is due to our hygiene routines, diet, and lifestyle choices.

Here are four dental health and genetic factors that you should be aware of:

1.Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is usually caused by bad hygienic practices along with not getting regular checkups and professional dental cleanings along with the genetic factor as well. If your family happens to have a history of diabetes then this will greatly improve your chances of developing it as well. Knowing your family’s medical health history can help you understand more about what preventive care you should follow.

2. Tooth Decay

If you are always struggling with keeping cavities at bay no matter how much you brush and floss your teeth, then the chances are that your genetics may be the cause of it. It has been discovered that the gene beta-defensin 1 (DEFB1) is connected to an increased risk of cavities.

If you have checked your family’s health history and feel that you are at a greater risk of cavities then make sure that you speak to your dentist about getting sealants and treatment to protect your teeth from cavities in the future. Leaving your cavities unattended can lead to a lot more serious problems like gum disease and tooth loss.

3. Brittle Teeth

Do you know that having brittle teeth can be passed down genetically? While this genetic effect is not as strong an influence on your diet, it still does play a role nevertheless. If you have noticed that a lot of your family members have brittle teeth despite following a healthy dental and diet routine, then the chances are that genetics may be the cause. It is best to take timely action by speaking to your dentist about the best ways to strengthen your teeth.

4. Crooked Teeth

Having crooked teeth tends to run in the family as genes play a huge role in the size of your jaw. Cases may vary as some people have small teeth and large jaw whereas others have big teeth and small jaws which can create gaps or cramped teeth which can lead to cramped, crooked or misaligned teeth.

Be in regular touch with your dentist to find gaps, crowding, underbites, and overbites and have them taken care of as soon as possible with orthodontic treatment. It is best to start your children off with early orthodontic treatment to ward off any dental problems before their mouths stop growing.

Author Bio: Dr. Satish Pai – an Ivy League trained dentist and a faculty at Columbia University is the founder of Putnam Orthodontics.